Lin Hai-yin - Home in Two Cities

From the City’s South She Came

A Driving Force for Taiwan Literature

Little Eiko from the south side of Peking came to the south side of Taipei, becoming the inimitable “Madam Lin”, whose living room is said to have composed half of Taiwan’s literary circle.

Originally named Lin Han-yin, nicknamed Eiko, Lin Hai-yin was born in Osaka, Japan, with family roots in the town of Toufen in Taiwan’s Miaoli County. For ten years she was the editor of the literary supplement of the United Daily News, during which time she lent a helping hand to many young writers in Taiwan, including Lin Hwai-min, Qi Deng Sheng, Huang Chun-ming, Cheng Ching-wen, and Chung Li-ho. She also encouraged writers who had given up after the end of Japanese colonial rule to pick up writing again, and devoted herself to fostering a native literature of Taiwan during the reign of white terror, when the threat of political persecution planted widespread suspicion and fear. Literary critic Chen Fang-ming has called Lin Hai-yin and Hualing Nieh Engle, literary editor of Free China magazine, the two most important female literary editors in 1950s Taiwan.

In 1963, Lin ran a poem entitled “Story” in the United Daily News supplement. The poem was interpreted as implying that the Nationalist government was incompetent, for which Lin took full responsibility and left the paper. Yet she continued her own literary endeavors, centered on women, in genres that included fiction, prose and children’s literature. Her fiction was the most popular, for their realistic portrayals of human nature and society. The semi-autobiographical Memories of Old Beijing remains her most beloved work in the Chinese speaking world.

“When someone is doing well, you can see it from their back; when someone is down on their luck, you can hear it in their footsteps.”——Lin Hai-yin

A Living Room That Was Half of Taiwan’s Literary Circle

In the 1960s, Lin Hai-yin proposed the idea of “pure literature”. She advocated for literary creation without political or commercial agendas, and founded the Belles Lettres Publishing House and Belles Lettres Monthly.

Using her special background of having two homelands as its departure point, Home in Two Cities tells the story of Lin Hai-yin’s life through the narration of her daughter Julie Chang. We see her desk, where she lived, the editor’s office, how she fearlessly confronted the challenges in that era of censorship and suppression, and strove to cultivate a space to nurture pure literature. Because of the warmth and expansiveness reflected in both her personality and her writings, her works have reached across time and space to become a shared memory of people living on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. She is a friend of writers, and a fearless mother figure who devoted herself to Taiwan literature from its baby steps to maturity.

Director Yang Li-chou

A constant theme for Yang Li-chou is the Taiwanese subjectivity, which he continues to explore through his documentary films. Instead of the stereotypically serious documentary, Yang Li-chou makes films that draw viewers in with their lively presentation, while maintaining a critical view of social institutions and boldly exploring human emotions. His documentaries have won Taiwan’s Golden Horse and Golden Harvest awards as well as international awards from Japan and Switzerland.

2011 入選臺北電影獎 最佳紀錄片
2011 香港亞洲電影節 參展臺灣電影速遞單元
2013 休士頓國際影展 電視製作教育類 銅牌獎

More Photos from the Set

Home in Two Cities vividly defines the spatial coordinates of Lin Hai-hin’s life.
——Chen Bo-ching (writer)

There will never again be a time or person like that. Perhaps I mourn for them. Yet through this visual record, we know that all the splendor and beauty really did exist once.
——Online comment from Quan Tao

Director Yang Li-chou—success! Thanks to this hour-long documentary, I have rediscovered the long row of “new” literature on the library shelf that I have long neglected.
——Online comment from Hey Mr. Silver Stone

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Lin Hai-yin Chronology

1918
Born in Osaka, Japan.
1931
Father Lin Hwan-wen dies in Beijing.
1934
Works as a journalism intern at the World Daily News in Beijing; meets Hsia Cheng-ying.
1939
1939 Weds Hsia Cheng-ying at the auditorium of the Peking Union Medical College Hospital.
1948
Moves to Taiwan with family.
1953
Begins ten-year tenure as editor of the United Daily News literary supplement, during which time she promotes young writers such as Huang Chun-ming.
1960
Publishes Memories of Old Beijing.
1963
Leaves position at United Daily News due to the “captain incident”, in which the captain mentioned in a poem published in the newspaper was thought to be satirizing General Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist Party.
1967
Founds the Belles Lettres Monthly and serves as its editor.
1968
Founds the Belles Lettres Publishing House.
1975
Publishes A Self-Selected Collection of Works by Lin Hai-yin.
1998
Receives Life-time Achievement Award at the World Chinese Writers Conference.
2001
Dies in Taipei from illness at the age of 83.