Unfulfilled Dreams-Documentary on novelist Chu Hsi-ning and translator Liu Musha

The simple and poignant story of a fabled literary family, for whom the writing continues.

About the Writers

Chu Hsi-ning (born Chu Ching-hai, 1927-1998) has ancestral roots in Linqu, Shandong Province, China. He was the editor of the monthly magazine Hsin Wenyi (“new literature and arts”), editor-in-chief of Li Ming Cultural Enterprise Company, and adjunct professor of creative writing at the Department of Chinese Literature, Chinese Culture University. He published his first novel, The Love of Big Torch, in 1952. This was followed by more than thirty other works, including full-length novels The Cat, Drought Demon, and Notes on the August 23rd Bombardment; short story collections Molten Iron and The Wolf; and a collection of his prose, Slight Words, among others. His published works are remarkable in both quantity and quality, making him one of the most important fiction writers in contemporary Taiwan.

Liu Musha was born Liu Hui-mei (1935-2017) in Tongluo, Miaoli County, Taiwan. She graduated from the Hsinchu Girls’ High School and was once an elementary school teacher. Her writings include the short fiction “Spring Heart” and numerous essays. In more than thirty years of translating Japanese literature into Chinese, she amassed an impressive body of work, represented by some thirty volumes, including collections of the Akutagawa Prize winners’ stories, selected works of modern Japanese fiction, and noted feature-length novels and short fictions by renowned Japanese writers such as Yoshimoto Banana, Kawabata Yasunari, and Mishima Yukio.

“You can be mediocre in all professions. Except in literature.”—— Chu Hsi-ning

About the Film

Under a sweet osmanthus tree lived an ordinary family, and in their house was a cache of correspondences between the father, novelist Chu Hsi-ning, and the mother, translator Liu Musha. Not quite love letters, these correspondences speak of great ambitions through words such as “literature alone must not be ordinary”. At a critical juncture in history, the military man who followed the Nationalist army to Taiwan and the local-born physician’s daughter met and together wrote a poignant love story.

Chu Hsi-ning devoted himself to writing novels, always renewing his style and coming up with innovative subject matters and ways of writing. Liu Musha translated Japanese literature and introduced great Japanese writers and their visions to Taiwan. The couple eloped for literature and devoted themselves to literature, supporting each other through it all. The documentary film tells of their meeting and falling in love, defying external pressures to get married, building a home sustained by manuscripts, and forming friendships with talented writers, making literature the core calling to which they devoted their lives. They wrote stories and became stories themselves, the pen in their hand always engaged on the literary front, which was a constant presence in their eventful life.

The Chu family’s three daughters compare and connect their parents’ works with childhood memories, reading aloud the letters from their youth, as though from the story of a thousand and one nights, searching through and overturning boxes and chests for the origins of the family’s memories, unleashing a current of faded times. Unfulfilled Dreams is the directorial debut of the eldest of the Chu daughters, Chu Tien-wen. Along with a production team led by renowned director Hou Hsiao-hsien, the film crew traveled to China to visit the Chus’ relatives while also filming at the old family house in Taiwan, scenes which combine with cherished family photos and a rich cache of rare historic materials to present the story of how this unique literary family set down roots and branched out. The husband and wife lived a simple life, but always held on to the belief that literature must not be ordinary, a belief that is still faithfully pursued by their daughters with pen and paper.

About the Director

Chu Tien-wen, born in 1956, wrote her first story when she was sixteen. She cofounded the San-san Jikan (“double three journal”) and was publisher of the San-san Bookstore.

Chu wrote the script for fifteen of Hou Hsiao-hsien’s movies, winning the Golden Horse award three times for best adapted screenplay and best original screenplay. An important fiction writer of contemporary Taiwan, Chu’s works have been translated into English, French, German, Japanese and Korean. She is the recipient of the United Daily Prize for Fiction and the China Times Literary Awards short story category.

In 1994 she won the China Times Million Dollar Prize for Fiction with Notes of a Desolate Man. It was translated into English and published in 1999, receiving a “notable book” recommendation by the New York Times, and was named one of the best books of the year by the Los Angeles Times. In 2008 she received the Jury Award for The Dream of the Red Chamber Award for her second novel, Witch’s Brew. She was awarded the Newman Prize for Chinese Literature in 2015. In 2018 she was the honoree of the “21 University Students” Celebration of Global Chinese Language Writers. Her other works include Legend, Tamkang Chronicles, City of Hot Summer, Fin de siècle Splendor, The Book of Golden Vows, and The Best of Times.

More Photos from the Set

Chu Hsi-ning and Liu Musha Chronology

1926
Chu Hsi-ning, real name Chu Ching-hai, with ancestral roots in Linqu, Shandong Province, is born in Suchien, Jiangsu Province, China, to a Christian family.
1935
Liu Musha, real name Liu Hui-mei, is born into a prominent Hakka family of doctors in Tongluo, Miaoli, Taiwan.
1946
Chu Hsi-ning publishes his first short story, “Westernization”, in Nanking’s Central Daily News literary supplement.
1949
Upon seeing the recruitment announcement of the “New Army” under General Sun Li-jen, Chu Hsi-ning abandons his studies at the Hangzhou National College of Art. He takes the exam to join the New Army and follows the army to Taiwan.
1952
Chu Hsi-ning publishes his first short fiction collection, The Love of Big Torch (Chong Guang Art and Literature Publishing).
1956
Chu Hsi-ning and Liu Musha are married in Kaohsiung. Their eldest daughter Chu Tien-wen is born.
1957
Liu Musha wins second place in the Taiwan Province Women’s Writing Association competition with her first work of fiction, “Days without Bombardment”.
1963
Chu Hsi-ning publishes his short stories in two collections: Molten Iron (Literary Star Bookstore) and The Wolf (Da Yeh Bookstore).
1966
Chu Hsi-ning begins writing Notes on the August 23rd Bombardment. In the process, he abandons 110,000 completed words and rewrites up to more than 270,000 words before throwing it out again and ceasing work on it.
1970
Chu Hsi-ning publishes a collection of short stories in The Men Who Smelt Gold (Cactus Publishing) and two novels: Drought Demon and Record of Drawing Dreams (both published by Crown Publishing).
1970
Liu Musha publishes her translation of Mishima Yukio’s short stories in Death in Midsummer, Patriotism, and Other Works (Crown Publishing) and his novel The Sound of Waves (Apollo Publishers).
1972
Chu Hsi-ning retires from the army at the rank of colonel and devotes himself to writing. The family moves into their newly bought home on Hsin Hai Road in Taipei.
1972
Liu Musha publishes more translated works including Love and Courage and The Expression of Love by Hiroike Akiko (Belle Lettres Publishing House) and Selected Works from Winners of the Akutagawa Prize, I & II (Goto Kiichi et al., The Earth Publishing). She also translates Kawabata Yasunari’s short story “Crystal Fantasy” and prose “Dying Eye” for Chung-Wai Literary Monthly.
1974
Chu Hsi-ning makes the acquaintance of Hu Lan-cheng; publishes short story collection The Snake (The Earth Publishing).
1977
Chu Hsi-ning helps his daughters Chu Tien-wen and Chu Tien-hsin found the San-san Jikan (“double three journal”); publishes “Return to Where, and How?”, thereby joining the Taiwan nativist literature debate.
1977
Liu Musha publishes her translation of Endō Shūsaku’s My Wife and Son (Hui Long Publishing).
1979
Chu Hsi-ning publishes Notes on the August 23rd Bombardment (Sansan Bookstore) and Records of Fox Hunting (Duo Yuan Culture Company); writes full-length play Rapids for the Culture and Art Association.
1989
Chu Hsi-ning abandons the 300,000-word draft for “Biography of the Hua Family”, starts from scratch again for the ninth time, and settles on Biography of Hua Tai-ping’s Family as the novel’s title.
1998
Chu Hsi-ning dies at the age of 72, leaving the 550,000-word Biography of Hua Tai-ping’s Family unfinished.
1998
Liu Musha publishes her translation of Matsuura Rieko’s Chronicles of Big Toe P (two volumes, China Times Publishing) and Yokomitsu Riichi’s Spring Riding in a Carriage (Hong Fan Bookstore).
2002
Chu Hsi-ning’s novel Biography of Hua Tai-ping’s Family is published (Unitas Publishing). Liu Musha publishes her translation of Ōe Kenzaburō’s Changeling (China Times Publishing).
2017
Liu Musha dies at the age of 82.
2022
Chu Hsi-ning’s Diaries of Coming to Taiwan in 1949 and Not Love Letters (Ink Publishing), which includes more than a hundred of his correspondences with Liu Musha between 1954 and 1955, are published.
2022
Unfulfilled Dreams, a documentary film on Chu Hsi-ning and Liu Musha, is officially released.